Construction and Standardization of Kashay: The Four Emotion Test
Keywords:Construction, Standardization, Kashay: The Four Emotion Test
AbstractIt is always said that emotions appear to be natural but when emotions go beyond certain level it starts affecting our persona. Extreme holding on to emotions lead to many issues. Our physical and mental health starts getting affected for example., neck pain, back pain, headache, stress, anxiety, depression, and other behavior issues like overeating, fidgeting, obsession, hyperactivity, addiction etc, starts taking place. Thus, it is very important to measure its intensity and longevity and be aware of one’s level of emotions and hence the kashay test measures the basic four important emotions- anger, self-esteem, illusion, and greed. The test also measures the extremes of each emotion, such as anger and passion, low self-esteem and high self-esteem, positive illusion/imagination and negative illusion/imagination, greed-liking, and greed-disliking. The items of the scale were selected through item analysis and the items whose correlation of coefficient occurred less than .53 were rejected as the correlation was high in this scale. The items with correlation of coefficient between .53 -.75 were selected. For reliability the test-retest reliability with a gap of 25 days was chosen and it appeared to be high .92. For establishing validity, item validity was done, and it came out to be between .59-.79. and construct validity appeared to be .68-.79 for Passion as correlated with The Passion Scale given by H. Sigmundsson, M. Haga, ; F. Hermundsdottir, 2020. For anger, the Pearson correlations coefficient between total score of Anger dimension and State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory were (.58-.65) given by Spielberger, 1988. Correlation of the self-esteem dimension with the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory given by Coopersmith (1981) was .72 – .76. The scores of illusion/imagination dimension were moderately correlated (.52-.56) with Imaginative Thinking Scale given by Hsiao-Hui Lin and Saiau-Yue Tsau, 2013. And the last construct validity was indicated to be .66-.73 between the Greed dimension and Greed scale correlation given by Zeelenberg, Marcel, Seuntjens, T.G, van de Ven, Niels, Breugelmans, Seger, 2021. Thus, the construction and validation of the test was established.
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