Thought stopping to reduce cognitive distortion in bipolar patients
Keywords:Thought Stopping, Cognitive Distortion, Bipolar
AbstractRDL (19-year-old woman) cannot forget the incident where she ate food that she thought was toxoplasma virus to inhibit her daily activities. Clients become unfocused in college, lazy to do any activities such as cleaning boarding rooms, prayer, to rarely take care of themselves, can not sleep, do not want to eat, and have ideas for suicide. Various assessments are carried out to diagnose clients including interviews, observation, and psychological tests which include graphic tests (BAUM, DAP, and HTP), SSCT, TAT, SCL-90 and DASS. Based on the results of the assessment, the client is diagnosed with Bipolar disorder with a problem of cognitive distortion of unpleasant events. Interventions conducted to clients aim to reduce cognitive distortion. The intervention used was cognitive therapy with thought stopping techniques. The results of the intervention show that cognitive therapy with thought stopping techniques can not only help clients stop their negative thoughts and turn them into more positive thoughts, but also can help reduce the level of depression, anxiety, and stress of the client. This happens because the client is no longer shackled with negative thoughts, so the level of depression, anxiety, and stress of the client also decreases.
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